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Chicago Style   Tags: chicago, source citation, turabian  

A how-to guide for proper application of Chicago Style.
Last Updated: Mar 7, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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About Chicago Style

Chicago style was developed by the University of Chicago Press for citing sources in publications. When used for academic work such as research papers, it is often called Turabian style, after Kate L. Turabian's version of Chicago Style in A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Chicago/Turabian style is a quite common citation formatting style for both professional and academic writing.


The Basics of Chicago Style

Citations are used in a paper or essay when you need to credit another author for a quote or idea used to lend authority to your work. At the end of your paper, you include a list, or bibliography, of the different sources you used. When you use a quote or idea from one of your sources in the text of your writing, you need to immediately follow it with a footnote or endnote that signifies which source that quote or idea is from.

Chicago style uses essentially the same basic format for all source citations, with minor changes to suit different sorts of sources. There are differences, however, between the format used for footnotes and the format used for a bibliography entry. The basic format for each is as follows.

For footnotes:

1. Firstname Lastname, Title of Source, (Publication place: Publisher, Date published), page(s) used.

For bibliographies:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Source. Publication place: Publisher, Date published.

There are variations to this basic format for citing different kinds of sources. Many of these will be demonstrated on the following tabs, as well as how to format a bibliography and properly credit your sources in a paper. For information about citing materials not included in the following examples, see the Resources for Learning More tab in the Writing and Research LibGuide, in particular the the Source Citation Resources page.

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