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APA Style   Tags: apa, source citation  

A how-to guide for proper application of APA style.
Last Updated: Mar 7, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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About APA Style

APA Style was developed by the professionals of the American Psychological Association (APA) for formatting citations in material submitted to their journals. This citation format is also used quite often for papers, essays, and other academic written assignments, especially within scientific disciplines.


The Basics of APA Style

Citations are used in a paper or essay when you need to credit another author for a quote or idea used to lend authority to your work. At the end of your paper, you include a list of the different sources, or references, you used. When you use a quote or idea from one of your sources in the text of your writing, you need to immediately follow it with a notation that indicates which source that quote or idea is from.

APA style uses essentially the same basic format for all source citations, with minor changes to suit different sorts of sources. The basic format is as follows:

Lastname, Initials. (Publication Date). Title of source. Place of publication: Publisher.

There are variations to this basic format for citing different kinds of sources. Many of these will be demonstrated on the following tabs, as well as how to format a reference page and properly credit your sources in a paper. For information about citing materials not included in the following examples, see the Resources for Learning More tab in the Writing and Research LibGuide, in particular the Source Citation Resources page.

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